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East-west vertical photovoltaic system have a stable effect

German researchers studied how vertical photovoltaic systems provide more power during higher periods of higher demand while achieving higher levels of integration with agricultural activities.

vertical photovoltaic

A vertical agricultural photovoltaic pilot project in Sweden.    Photo: Meladdalene University

    Scientists at the University of Applied Technology in Leipzig have studied the potential impact of the large-scale deployment of west-east vertical photovoltaic systems in the German energy market. They found that the device could have a beneficial impact on stabilizing the national grid, while integrating more heavily with agricultural activities than traditional terrestrial photovoltaic power plants.

    The researchers used the EnergyPLAN model, developed by the University of Aalborg in Denmark, which is usually used to simulate the hour-by-hour operation of national energy systems, including the power, heating, cooling, industrial and transportation sectors. The study will help predict what scenario for the German energy system will be if more vertical photovoltaic systems are deployed by 2030.

    "We have only systematically changed two parameters: first, the share of installed power of different photovoltaic models," the scholars said, noting that solar trackers are not considered."Second, consider two scenarios of —— integration or not integrating large-scale energy storage.”

    For conventional ground installation systems, scientists considered a 20-degree tilt angle and an estimated average of 1020Wh / W. For west-east double-sided vertical systems, they assume a double-sided coefficient of 90% and the annual output is 999Wh / W, while for north-south vertical systems, the annual output is set at 926Wh / W.

    They said: " In our model, electricity demand increased to 1,214 T W h / a in 2030, largely based largely on assumptions about energy conservation and the fuel transition. The biggest uncertainty is the construction and industrial heating.”

    They also consider the high cost of double-sided panels and the reduction of vertically installed installed power per unit area due to the shading effect, as the components are typically traveling between 8 and 12 meters, which in turn increases the cost of wiring them.

    They say: " The additional cost of the land itself must be shared between the benefits of retaining agricultural land use, or of promoting biodiversity.”

    Scientists have found that vertical photovoltaic systems can shift solar production to periods of higher electricity demand, with more electricity supply in the winter months, thus reducing solar cuts.

    They said: " If 1 TW charge and discharge power and 1 TWh capacity of power storage are included in the energy system model, the effect will be reduced to 210 Mt / a in the case of 70% vertical east-west and 30% tilted southbound components. Finally, while achieving a 70% vertical power station ratio may not be realistic, even lower rates can have beneficial effects.”

    They outlined their conclusions in "Integrating Vertical Solar Power Stations into Germany's Future Energy System," published in Smart Energy magazine. They concluded: " The intention of this article is not to recommend the vertical installation of all future utility photovoltaic systems. Instead, it presents a new opportunity to support the entire energy system with vertical photovoltaic systems.”